Week 9 6090
· American Psychiatric Association. (2013r). Trauma- and stressor-related disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm07 
· American Psychiatric Association. (2013f). Dissociative disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm08 

Powers, A., Fani, N., Cross, D., Ressler, K. J., &      Bradley, B. (2016). Childhood trauma, PTSD, and psychosis: Findings from a      highly traumatized, minority sample. Child Abuse      & Neglect, 58,      111–118. 
Schnyder, U., Ehlers, A., Elbert, T., Foa, E. B.,      Gersons, B. P. R., Resick, P. A., … Cloitre, M. (2015). Psychotherapies      for PTSD: What do they have in common? European      Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6(1),      281–286. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v6.28186 
Smith, J. C., Hyman, S. M., Andres-Hyman, R. C., Ruiz,      J. J., & Davidson, L. (2016). Applying recovery principles to the      treatment of trauma. Professional Psychology:      Research and Practice, 47(5),      347–355. doi:10.1037/pro0000105 
Document: The Case Jake Levy (PDF) Media      
Laureate Education (Producer). (2014). Sessions:      Levy family, episode 1 [Video      file]. Baltimore, MD: Author. 


U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2017). PE—Prolonged 

exposure: A safe place. Retrieved from 

Note: On this page, watch the following videos about veteran Frederick M. Gantt’s experience with prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD. 
o “I had to make a decision”
o “What am I running from?”
o “I could see it in color”
o “The Middle Eastern restaurant” o “I’m in a safe place” 

Discussion 1: Evidence-Based Interventions Used in Trauma
Individuals can experience trauma from public events at the national level or extremely private ones at the interpersonal level. In this Discussion, you analyze these two types of trauma, describing potential interventions and their effectiveness.
To prepare: Read the DSM-5 section on trauma and stressor-related disorders and review the Learning Resources on PTSD, disaster response, and trauma.
Then search the literature for studies related to an evidence-based intervention used to treat those suffering from trauma and stressor-related issues. Specifically, locate the following:

One study on treating symptoms resulting from a national traumatic event (e.g., natural disaster, mass shooting, war)
One study on treating symptoms resulting from an interpersonal trauma (e.g., rape, childhood sexual molestation, domestic violence)

Evidence-Based Interventions Used in Trauma
 a response in which you address the following: 

• Post the APA references for the two studies you located. 

· Provide a brief description of the traumatic events, including a summary of how they affected the individuals involved. 

· Describe the interventions discussed in the articles and explain how they addressed the psychosocial issues and needs of the individuals affected by the trauma. 

· Explain the effectiveness of the interventions, as stated in the articles. 

· Analyze and discuss the similarities and differences in the individuals’ needs depending on whether the issues occurred due to a national traumatic event or an interpersonal trauma. 
Support your post with specific references to the resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references. 

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