Montessori Presentation

Walking on the Line is an exercise intended to develop equilibrium, balance and good posture as well as advance self-control, discipline and concentration. Refinement of these skills is achieved only after extensive preparation and practice. Walking on the Line should be introduced during the first week of class and can increase in difficulty as the year progresses and finer control of movement is achieved. Rules and Guidelines for Walking on the Line: he line must be clearly visible and free of any objects, including tables, chairs and mats, which can be arranged around or in the middle of the line but not on top of it the line must be in the form of an ellipse (contain no sharp corners, yet have parts which are straight) the line must be long enough to allow 10 – 12 children to walk on it without colliding with each other (the longer the better) when walking through the classroom, no one is allowed to step on the line children are free to Walk on the Line whenever they want, yet there are several exercises which must be performed with the guide Walking on the Line should be performed as often as possible, especially for the first three to four month when it should, ideally, be performed every day Materials: a tray or a basket a bell bean bags to be placed on the head a small bag with a weight on a string lags from different countries glasses with water a candle in a holder Presentation (to be presented to a group or all the children at once)Exercise 1: invite the children to come and sit around the line in such a way as to leave space between them explain that you will demonstrate how to stand on the line place both feet on the line pointing into the ellipse keeping the back erect and the head in an upward position select three or four children and invite them to stand up invite the children to stand on the line, inside the line, outside the line invite the children to sit down and choose another group repeat the exercise with all the children in turn Exercise 2: nvite the children to come and sit around the line in such a way as to leave space between them explain that you will demonstrate how to measure distance from each other select three or four children and invite them to stand on the line invite the children to walk on the line in a normal fashion, without looking down as much as possible tell the children to stop and turn facing into the ellipse ask the children to lift their arms extending them sideways explain to the children that there needs to be enough distance between them for their arms not to touch if there is not enough distance between some of the children, invite them to move apart tell the children to turn sideways in their places and continue walking along the line invite the children to stop and measure the distance again invite the children to sit down and choose another group repeat the exercise with all of the children in turnExercise 3 (can be combined with Exercise 2): invite the children to come and sit around the line in such a way as to leave space between them explain that you will demonstrate how to walk on the line walk along the line in a normal fashion with your body straight and your head up select three or four children and invite them to stand on the line ask them to measure the distance between themselves invite the children to walk on the line in a normal fashion explain to the children that when you clap one time they must stop clap one time explain to the children that when you clap two times they must resume walking clap twice continue clapping at random intervals nvite the children to sit down and choose another group repeat the exercise with all the children in turn Exercise 4: invite the children to come and sit around the line in such a way as to leave space between them explain that you will demonstrate how to walk heel to toe walk along the line placing the heel of one leg in front of the toe of the other with your body straight and your head up select three or four children and invite them to stand on the line ask them to measure the distance between themselves invite the children to resume walking placing the heel in front of the toes invite the children to sit down and choose another group repeat the exercise with all the children in turnExercise 5 (can be combined with Exercise 4): invite the children to come and sit around the line in such a way as to leave space between them explain that you will make their walking on the line more difficult select three or four children and invite them to stand on the line ask them to measure the distance between themselves invite the children to walk along the line in a normal fashion with the body straight and the head up give to those children who are ready one of the following objects: outstretched arm in front of himself and carry it without making any noise repeat the exercise with all the children in turn Exercise 6 (a variation on Exercise 4): nvite the children to come and sit around the line in such a way as to leave space between them select three or four children and invite them to stand on the line ask them to measure the distance between themselves invite the children to walk along the line in a normal fashion with the body straight and the head up introduce music by creating a beat explain to the children that they must walk in step with the music invite the children to use different steps such as skipping, marching, or hopping as the children walk, continue playing, speeding the beat up and slowing it down in turns invite the children to sit down and choose another group repeat the exercise with all the children in turnIf a child does not wish to participate in the activity, he is free to continue working.
Notes: All of these exercises can be performed with or without shoes. If the parents object to the child walking barefoot, it is sometimes advisable to invite the children to bring ballet slipper or other simple and comfortable shoes. You must help the children take their shoes off and provide an appropriate location where they can be kept. The line is not intended for sitting on or around: it is for walking only Points of Interest keeping the feet on the line relationship with others Purpose control and coordination of movement balance equilibrium good posture social relations Age: all ages [pic] The Silence Game IntroductionThe Silence Game is an exercise in restraint and inhibition of movement. It is a point of arrival and an end in of itself and can be seen as a means of lifting the soul to a more peaceful state. The Silence Game is always based on voluntary participation and has a common goal of everyone sitting quietly together. The Silence Game can be presented when there is a mood of satisfaction and calmness in the group, for it is an excellent tool for normalization of the environment.
In order to be completed successfully, The Silence Game requires appropriate preparation and the presence of a harmonious atmosphere in the classroom. Presentation introduce the activity xplain to the children that they will have to sit quietly with their eyes closed until they hear their names, at which point they can open their eyes and come and sit by you in complete silence invite the children to assist you in putting away all of the materials dim the lights invite the children to sit comfortably wherever they wish (on the chair, the floor, etc) once the children are seated, make sure there is nothing blocking their way when they are standing or walking take a seat in the distance in an open area invite all the children to close their eyes and listen for their names to be called observe the classroom call the name of a child in a quiet voice which is nevertheless audible to everyone wait for the child to walk noiselessly towards you and sit down quietly by your chair repeat for all the other children nce everyone is sitting by you explain that now the game is over and everyone can go back to work turn the lights back on Never use this game to silence the children Notes on the Activity first call the children who can not wait and sit still for a long period of time pay attention to the children’s hearing abilities, using the exercise as a test for hearing problems to perform this exercise the child needs to have had a lot of experience with Practical Life exercises for the necessary control and coordination of movement to develop prepare the children by relaxing them and inviting them to close their eyes only when the lights are turned off Preliminary ExercisesRelaxation: teach the children how to relax in order to perform this exercise more successfully Sound Games: invite the children to close their eyes and make different sounds using Practical Life activities. Invite the children to guess how these noises were made. In another game, invite the children to recognize sounds present in the environment or point in the direction of a sound (such as the ticking of the clock) with their eyes closed. Calling of Names: call the children by name in different settings asking them to perform a certain activity when called (go outside, go home, etc) Points of Interest making no noise not touching anything Purpose development of the will balance

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