Transportation Logistics Management

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page1- Original Forum with References 
page2- student Response 
page3 – student Response 

Original Forum 

This week you will discuss security measures in TLM.  What security measures are currently in place? Are they effective? Why or why not? What are the challenges that exist in continuous process improvement? How do these security measures effect transportation and logistics management? You will have to conduct online research to complete this assignment. Likewise, you will need to select one mode of transportation to effectively discuss this topic in specific detail. Discuss in detail and provide sources to support your thoughts, insights, ideas, and statements. 

Student Response

Theresa 

Good Morning my fellow classmates!
The mode of transportation I choose to discuss security measures in TLM is Maritime Sea Highways. Even though the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is responsible for all modes of transport, there are several other departmental heads involved due to the complexity of ensuring national and global security of sea highways. 
Currently, the top challenges that are plaguing Maritime Transport are safety, piracy, security and now more than ever cyber security onboard ships. According to the GAO website, they have set up an network database that is in tune with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to “facilitate sensitive but unclassified information-sharing and collaboration between federal, state, local, tribal and private sector entities users to get alerts [on current security issues]” (Lord, 2011, gao.gov)
These measures are effective due to the research and studies conducted by the U.S Government Accountability Office (GAO). They have shown that this collaboration has enabled the following:
– Maintaining robust maritime awareness
– Identifying risks associated
– Surveillance, Interdiction and security operations
– Measuring Performance of these three
(Caldwell, 2013, gao.gov)
Some of the other provocations that exist in this continuous process improvement stem from a shortage of flagships. The U.S. military relies on flagships to assist in cargo movement as it often is too costly to use military vessels. However, just like with the shortage of truck drivers on land, autonomous ships are being introduced to help close the gap. Some other challenges seen is the insurance of compliance of standards in cargo shipments dealing with foreign trade. There is a high screening process of searching for goods that many argue is slowing down the transport process. I can share a story with the transport of military household goods. Many people accumulate wine throughout their travels, and some even have developed an extensive collection to put in a cellar. The military requires large amounts have to be accounted for however a number less than let’s say ten only because I cannot remember that exact number is not required to be reported, however, from some of the horror stories I have seen even those few bottles have caused a delay. I am sure my Air Force TMO classmates can chime in on that. The TSA even allows entry of alcohol into the country or certain goods. It is when you bring large quantities and plan on selling goods it then becomes an issue. I travel a lot and this to me is one of the areas that is slowing down lines at the airport because of agents not understanding the actual TSA guidelines. Not all airports have this issue, but I can understand the caution due to the fact people are coming up with more “clever” ways of sneaking illegal substance into countries. I think last year there was an article on how in Portugal, shipments of pineapples were hollowed out with packages of drugs in them. This is our food supply. Imagine going to say Walmart and purchasing a pineapple or other goods only to come home and find drugs in it. From this, surveillance and interdiction continue to be one of the top challenges. Can any of my classmates attest or have some in the trenches stories that support this?
~Teresa
References:
Lord/Office of Public Affairs, S. M. (2011, August 13). Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholders Generally Satisfied but TSA Could Improve Analysis, Awareness, and Accountability (GAO-12-44). Retrieved from U.S. Government Accountability Office
Caldwell/Office of Public Affairs, S. L. (2013, August 13). Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges in Key DHS Programs to Secure the Maritime Borders (GAO-14-196T). Retrieved from U.S Government Accountability Office website: 

Jaimie

Hi everyone,
With the ever-changing threat, and ever-increasing flow of air cargo, the air transportation industry is the center of a complex and combined security effort. In all airport operations, Security is the glue that keeps all Airport components together. I mean, nothing is done at the airport unless all security blocks are checked.  Ever since 9/11 attacks, the airport and cargo security has taken a “priority seat” during airport design, airlines operations, route planning, and overall airport operations, to include the access to it. With the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, many security initiatives began through the TSA. Also, with the enactment of the Improving America’s Security Act of 2007, also known as the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act, or simply the 9/11 Act, a very aggressive security initiative has been enforced. A mandated 100% of cargo to be screened before it gets on a plane or before arriving to the US has been the main effort of TSA. However, since TSA does not have the personnel to cover that 100% of air cargo screening (which is way too much) a comprehensive approach based on security layers has been established.  This is an approach that enhances supply chains security by allowing manufacturers and supply chain participants to be trained and certified by TSA for them to be part of the cargo security, screening and certification initiatives (Karp, 2009). Through the various cargo certification programs companies and shippers may request to TSA the rights to certify their own cargo and to establish their own cargo handling facilities. That way the TLM is positively affected, since the congestion at the airport and the workload of TSA and Customs & Border Patrol Agents can be alleviated, by external certified cargo facilities. Otherwise, 100% of cargo would have to be inspected at the airport, causing delays, and exaggerate congestions in order to comply with the federal regulation. 
Karp, A. (2009). Cargo Screening’s: ‘Serious Challenges’. Air Transport World, 46(6), 
45-46,48. Retrieved from https://search-proquest.com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/docview/224253909?accountid=8289
JAIME

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