Week 1 Discussion Response to Classmates

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. Main references come from Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. D. (2012) and/or American Psychological Association (2010). You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation regarding treatment. I have also attached my discussion rubric so you can see how to make full points. Please respond to all 3 of my classmates separately with separate references for each response. You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation like peer-reviewed, professional scholarly journals. I need this completed by 06/01/19 TODAY AT 11pm.
Expectation:
Responses to peers. Note that this is measured by both the quantity and quality of your posts. Does your post contribute to continuing the discussion? Are your ideas supported with citations from the learning resources and other scholarly sources? Note that citations are expected for both your main post and your response posts. Note also, that, although it is often helpful and important to provide one or two sentence responses thanking somebody or supporting them or commiserating with them, those types of responses do not always further the discussion as much as they check in with the author. Such responses are appropriate and encouraged; however, they should be considered supplemental to more substantive responses, not sufficient by themselves.
Read a your colleagues’ postings. Respond to your colleagues’ postings.
Respond in one or more of the following ways:
· Ask a probing question.
· Share an insight gained from having read your colleague’s posting.
· Offer and support an opinion.
· Validate an idea with your own experience.
· Make a suggestion.
· Expand on your colleague’s posting.
1. Classmate (J. Ru)
Historical Development
I have decided to go with Stage 9: The Present; The reason why I have selected stage 9 because of the attack on September 11, 2001 change many individuals in many ways. Hansen (2003) noted that the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001; increasing exposure of corporate corruption; random workplace violence; the passage of the PATRIOT Act; economic recession; and lack of universal health care have all resulted in demoralization and a decreased sense of security among U.S. workers, along with depression, anxiety, and existential crises (Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. D. 2012). I think this event trigger a lot of mental health issues and medical issues to those that where impacted by this event in person or even by viewing it.
Providing Vocational/ Career Counseling
When it comes to vocational/ career counseling with this historic event we must look at the first responders that were present during that time. I think many have suffered psychological issues pertaining to Anxiety, depression and even suicide. For instance, before becoming and Intake Caseworker, I was a police officer and I reassigned 3 years ago because I became partially blind in my left eye because when I was in high school, I was near ground zero. My goal is to obtain my Ph.D. and become a psychologist. These men and woman experience a lot of tension and are on their feet trying to protect the community from harm and it pays a toll on their mental health. While I was in the Police Force, I saw 4 officer in my unit pass away due to cancer from 9/11 and it has been years but because they were at ground zero many have developed a lot of health issues. Being able to educate others and help those that experience these dramatic events can mean a lot.
References
Capuzzi, D. & Stauffer, M. D. (2012). Career Counseling: Foundations, perspectives, and applications. (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
2. Classmate (G. Ma)
Careers can impact individuals and families in different areas of their life. Being in this field we learn to assist our clients in many areas of their lives and careers tend to play a large role in who we are and what we do in life.
Historical Development 
           A major historical development for me would fall under the Stage 4 category (1940-1957). During this historical time after the war, majority of women were rushed out of heavy industry they worked in. The women who continued working were many times forced to accept lower paying, lower status clerical and administrative positions as an outcome of the political and social realities of the time (Capuzzi, & Stauffer, 2012). Women’s involvement in the labor market continued to expand despite being rushed out of industry careers and forced to take lower paying jobs. Although, there are some areas where women continue to get paid less or overlooked for certain job promotions due to their gender. During this historic time women back then paved the way for women today to be able to work today and provided a sense of empowerment amongst working women to fight for the careers they want as well as equal pay. Another reason why this development is meaningful to me is the fact that counseling psychology developed as a new specialty in this time, a combination of vocational guidance, psychometrics, and guidance that emphasized a holistic insight of the individual (Capuzzi, & Stauffer, 2012). Mental health illnesses are more and more becoming an issue in our society due to lack of resources or stigmas, without the development of the career in counseling psychology people would lack even more the tools they need to cope with their day to day duties and life’s hardships.
Providing Vocational/ Career Counseling 
According to Capuzzi & Stauffer, (2012) from this historic time and the continuing need for people with a career back ground in counseling psychology kept growing to be able to provide personality testing and rehabilitation services for people dealing with a mental health illness. Researchers have confirmed recognition of the positive impact of vocational guidance (Capuzzi, & Stauffer, 2012). Guidance has progressively been a means to alleviate social problems. At times our jobs can influence our moods, emotions and behaviors depending on how the day goes. Due to work being a crucial part of a human being’s life when it comes to providing for themselves and their families. The need and growth of vocation/career counseling will assist me in understanding vocational problems contextually and be able to work with clients holistically (Capuzzi, & Stauffer, 2012). If I am working with a female client who may feel frustrated with her career or the unfair treatment she maybe encountering in her job, I may use the historical development I’ve selected to empower her to figure out what goals or tools can help her get to the status in her career she wants to obtain as well as help give attention to the vocational need of my client despite their gender, race, ethnicity or sexual preference (Capuzzi, & Stauffer, 2012).  
Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. D. (2012). Career counseling: Foundations, perspectives, and applications. (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2007). Vocational psychology and counseling: Introduction. Baltimore: Author
3. Classmate (T. Rat)
Historical Development
           In Stage 6: The Boom Years Continue (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2012) found the country financially unstable and indifferent to government rhetoric. Vocational services were still being funded but with more emphasis on minority groups, women, and those marginalized by disabilities. Manufacturing jobs began to decrease while retail, business services, and professional and healthcare jobs accounted for most of the employment gains during this time. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission worked with the Civil Rights Commission to form a council to ensure educational and rehabilitative resources were available for the disabled. Having worked since I was very young, being provided, by law, the an opportunity to be hired into a position, typically seen as male, gave me a boost others had not experienced and many slated into secretarial positions.
Jobs/Careers Resources
Bandura’s theory of social learning created a new perspective on hiring practices during this time. Corporation and hiring management began assessing current employees for promotional readiness, as well as assessing prospective hires for possible position assignments. During review of the adequacy of these initial assessment tools, it was found that many factors (sexual orientation, gender, race, physical ability/disabilities, etc.) were not adequately or equitably reviewed. This led to the U.S. Office of Education funding a model for career development and education for all students, thus increasing the growth of school and career counselors to grow, exponentially (Capuzzi & Stauffer, 2012).
Future Predictions
           Technical and professional jobs are everywhere and most students graduating from high school within the next month will be attending college and universities this fall. However, many will not succeed and according to the Washington Post, less than 40% will graduate in four years. Obviously, some of this is due to the cost of higher education and long-term debt associated. I think that university and colleges will be increasing school and career counselors to keep students, not only enrolled, but also succeeding in their educational journeys with mandatory meetings/sessions, working with the student where they are, interpreting their needs and creating a fluid, but ongoing plan of action for optimal achievement.
References
Capuzzi, D. & Stauffer, M. D. (2012). Career Counseling: Foundations, perspectives, and applications. (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Ghanbari, L. & McCall, M. D. (2016). Current employment statistics survey: 100 years of employment, hours, and earnings. Monthly Labor Review, U.S., Bureau of Labor statistics. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.21916/mlr.2016.38
Selingo, J. J.  (2018). Why do so many students drop out of college? And what can be done about it. Washington Post. Retrieved fromhttps://www.washingtonpost.com/news/grade-point/wp/2018/06/08/why-do-so-many-students-drop-out-of-college-and-what-can-be-done-about-it/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.5008218e9c42
Required Resources
· Capuzzi, D., & Stauffer, M. D. (2012). Career counseling: Foundations, perspectives, and applications. (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
o Chapter 1, “Historical Influences on the Evolution of Vocational Counseling ”
Media
· Video: Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2007). Vocational psychology and counseling: Introduction. Baltimore: Author.
· with Dr. Darrell Luzzo
· Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.
· Accessible player  –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio 
· Video: Walden University Career Services. (2015). Self Knowledge Tools to Enhance Your Competitive Edge. Retrieved from:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=glLe8qqoKBE&feature=youtu.be
Website
· National Career Development Association. (2015). Internet sites for career planning. Retrieved from www.ncda.org/aws/NCDA/pt/sp/resources

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